Behind the United States and other scams: the enterprise virtual standard energy efficiency label printed 1 8 cents
The energy efficiency labeling of air conditioners should originally represent the energy consumption level. However, due to various reasons, the energy efficiency labeling is subject to false standard or abuse. Whether the energy efficiency label represents the energy consumption level of the product is also questioned. Behind this kind of chaos is the lack of supervision of energy efficiency labeling and the low cost of corporate violations.
Recently, Gree, Galanz, Midea and other eight home appliance companies are trapped in the national energy-saving subsidies, and the data released by the National Audit Office show that the eight companies have defrauded the national energy-saving subsidies totaling 90,618,400 yuan.
Since the energy efficiency label is directly linked to the subsidy policy for energy-saving appliances introduced by the state in May 2012, household appliances that meet the primary and secondary energy consumption standards will receive government subsidies, which has caused consumers to falsely abuse or abuse the energy efficiency labels of air conditioners and other households. Many questions.
Ma Yitai, a professor at the Thermal Energy Research Institute of Tianjin University, who has been working on the energy efficiency standards for refrigeration and air-conditioning products for a long time, told the rule of law weekend reporter: "There are a strict set of management methods for energy efficiency standards and labels, but there are indeed unscrupulous businesses in the implementation. The phenomenon."
"Some companies have inspection rooms that comply with national regulations. The energy efficiency testing of their products is often done by their own testing rooms." Zhao Wu (pseudonym), who has been working on electrical energy efficiency labeling for many years, told the lawful weekend reporters that many domestic large air conditioner manufacturers All of them complete the testing and certification by themselves, which will inevitably lead to some "flexible operation".
In the interview, the reporter also found that the illegal cost of energy efficiency label fraud is low, which also makes many unscrupulous businesses take risks.
Energy efficiency label can be "customized"
"The state has clear provisions on the use of energy efficiency labels, mainly based on the "Energy Efficiency Labeling Management Measures" jointly promulgated by the National Development and Reform Commission and the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine in 2004." Ma Yitai told the Rule of Law Weekend reporter, " At present, China implements the filing system for energy efficiency label management, that is, the enterprise declares to the relevant state departments and enters the â€œProduct Catalogue of Energy Efficiency Labeling of the People's Republic of Chinaâ€ formulated and announced by the state.â€
"According to the regulations, enterprises must first conduct inspections in the authoritative testing institutions recognized by the state, and then record the results of the obtained testing results, otherwise the energy efficiency labeling can not be easily posted." Talking about the specific process of energy efficiency labeling, many years of electrical energy efficiency labeling Zhao Wu said that work.
However, according to Zhao Wu, there are indeed some unknown air-conditioning manufacturers. Their products are often not subject to authoritative testing and information filing. They can customize the energy-efficiency labels that do not meet the actual conditions and stick them on the products. The normal market order.
During the investigation, the rule of law weekend reporter found that Taobao [microblogging] has a business that provides energy-efficient label sticker customization services. The other party said that as long as it can provide the corresponding air conditioning parameters, it can make a "qualified" label. .
â€œ1000 prints, each 0.8 yuan.â€ A person in charge of a printing companyâ€™s Taobao store told the rule of law weekend reporter who exchanged with him as a buyer. â€œWe often do (this business), the quality you can rest assured.â€
During the communication process, the person in charge only asked the reporter to provide specific parameters of the relevant air-conditioning products, and the other party did not care about the authenticity of the data.
According to the rule of law weekend reporters, the companies that provide the above energy efficiency labeling services are not only those stores of Taobao. There are many other companies that provide such services on the Internet.
Then, as an information label attached to an energy-consuming product or its packaging, indicating the performance index of the product's energy efficiency rating, how much magic is the energy-efficiency label, so that it is so highly valued?
After visiting several large electrical appliance stores in Beijing, the reporter found that with the continuous improvement of people's awareness of energy conservation, energy-saving air conditioners have been favored by more and more consumers, and a low-energy air conditioner is often more expensive than similar high-energy products. A few hundred dollars to thousands of dollars.
"You see this air conditioner is three-level energy efficiency, the next one is the second-class energy efficiency, more energy-efficient than this one." Listening to the introduction of air-conditioning shopping guides, Ms. Li, a Beijing citizen, seems to understand the situation. .
In fact, Ms. Li still has some doubts: "Now many air conditioners are marked with secondary energy efficiency. What is the second-level energy efficiency? Is there a unified standard in the country? Why are there air conditioners with five levels of energy efficiency? Some air conditioners. There are three levels of energy efficiency labels?"
Ma Yitai told the rule of law weekend reporter that China's refrigeration products have strict national energy standards, such as "room air conditioner energy efficiency limit value and energy efficiency rating GB12021.3-2010", "speed controllable room air conditioner energy efficiency limit Value and energy efficiency rating GB21455-2013". The initial energy efficiency standards stipulated that the energy efficiency of air conditioners was divided into five levels, the current standards were changed, and the energy efficiency was divided into three levels.
â€œIn the past five levels of energy efficiency standards, the interval between each level is too small, and some companies may put a secondary energy efficiency label on some third-level energy efficiency products.â€ Ma Yitai said that since the standard has been improved to three Since the energy efficiency system, this phenomenon has not easily occurred in air-conditioning products.
However, the reporter found that in practice, there are certain problems in the implementation of the new standards.
"Now the energy efficiency label shows that the three levels of air conditioners are fixed-frequency air conditioners, and the five levels are inverter air conditioners." In an interview with the Rule of Law Weekend, an air-conditioned shopping guide explained this.
"This statement is not scientific. Starting from June 1, 2013, China's inverter air conditioners began to implement the 2013 new standard, the three-level energy efficiency standard, but now the energy efficiency label of many inverter air conditioners in the mall is based on the 2008 standard." Ma Yitai added that in principle, the energy efficiency standard level of air conditioners should be updated every five years. Within one year of the standard update, the market will have inertia, and it will inevitably appear that the new and old standards will be parallel.